Category: Methods of Investigation

Basic Research Proposal

Most students and fledgling researchers do not understand what is the study plan and do not know its importance. Simply put, good or bad a person research program determines the quality of their research.

An ill-conceived research project will ruin the entire project, even though it barely passed the thesis defense committee. On the other hand, a high quality research program, not only to ensure the success of the research project, you as a researcher potential thesis committee will give a good impression. A research program is to convince someone you have a valuable research program, and you have the ability and the corresponding work plan to complete it. In short, a research program should include all the key steps in the research process, but also to the reader sufficient information to evaluate the research prepared. No matter what your field of study is that you choose what kind of approach, all research projects must address the following questions: are you going to accomplish what, why do you want to do it, and how you plan to accomplish it.

Research program should have enough information to prove to your readers you have an important research ideas, literature and you have a good grasp of the major issues, while your approach is feasible. Quality research project depends not only on research project itself, but also on your proposal writing. A good research project may also be at risk simply because of bad writing and was rejected. Therefore, it is worth your writing is coherent, clear and convincing. This article emphasized that the proposal writing, rather than the development of research ideas. Title: The title should be concise. For example, “a study on …” so that the sentence should be avoided. Typically, the title is the expression of a functional relationship, because such titles clearly independent and dependent variables.

However, as far as possible, like a informative but catchy title. An effective headline will not only stimulate the reader’s interest, but also indicates they will love this program. Abstract: The abstract is a brief summary of approximately 300 words. It should include the research question, the theoretical foundation, the hypothesis (if any), methods and main findings. Descriptions of the method may include the design, procedures, samples, as well as any means to be used. Introduction: The main purpose of the introduction is to provide the necessary background to your research question.

How to set up research proposal writing problem may be the hardest part. If the research problem is defined in a general, rambling literature review, the research question may seem trivial and boring. However, if the same problem in the field is set to be a great concern in the current, its importance becomes evident. Unfortunately, research on how to set up your problem and there is no hard and fast rules, as there is no provision as to how to write interesting and informative opening paragraph.

Largely rely on your own creativity, to depend on the ability and the depth of your understanding of the problem areas of your clear thinking. First of all, try to put your research question into the current hot area, or an obsolete but still viable areas; secondly, you need to provide a brief historical background and appropriate; furthermore, provide immediate background to the issue, in Here, research your question should be the focus of attention. Finally, identify the “key role” (key players), reference the most relevant and representative publications. In short, the problem of your research into the next larger context, but at the same time reflect his importance. Introduction generally begin a brief description of the field, a focus on a specific research question, followed by the preparation of the basic principles of the study.

The introduction generally include the following: 1 Description of the research questions, generally called research purposes; 2 provides the background for your research question, setting its range to reflect its necessity and importance; 3 that you.. theoretical study of the problem, and clearly indicate why it is worthwhile study; 4. A brief description of the main and secondary issues to be addressed in the study; 5. Make sure you test the key independent and dependent variables. Or, specify the phenomenon you want to study; 6. State your hypothesis or theory, if any. For the study exploratory or phenomena interpreted, you may not have any hypothesis. (Please do not confuse the null hypothesis and statistical hypothesis); 7. setting limitations or boundaries of your research program to provide a clear research priorities; 8 to define key concepts (Optional); literature Summary: Sometimes the literature review include the introduction section.

However, most professors prefer a separate section, so you can more comprehensive review of the relevant literature. Literature review serves several important functions: 1 Make sure you are not “reinvent the wheel” (meaning not duplicate existing previous results); 2. to lay the groundwork for your research Acknowledgements; 3 shows you the research… Understanding the problem; 4. Demonstrates your understanding of issues related to the theory and research; 5. show your ability to critically evaluate relevant literature; 6 show your ability to integrate existing literature; 7 provide new theoretical insights or Development of a new model, as the conceptual framework of your research; 8 to convince your readers that the proposed research will make an important literature and substantial contributions. (For example, to solve an important theoretical problem or fill a major gap); literature review most students have the following problems: lack of organizational structure lack of focus, integrity and coherence lengthy repeat  does not refer to important documents no to keep up with the latest developments * There are no critical analysis of the literature cited.

If you rely too much on second-hand information research plan has any of the above, your academic and research capacity will be questioned . There are many ways to organize a literature review. Use subheadings to review your order and coherence. For example, after the show the latest research progress and importance in the field of your research, you might use a few bars to explore related issues such as theoretical models, measuring instruments, cross-cultural and gender differences, and so on. But also keep in mind that you are telling a story to the audience. To try to talk in an instructive way, not to make them feel tired, as this may cause your plan was rejected. (Remember, professors and scientists are human.): Method part is very important because it will tell you prepare Research Council study how to resolve the issue. It will provide your work plan, and describe the activities necessary to complete your project. Methods for writing the guidelines that it should contain sufficient information to the reader to determine whether the method is effective and feasible. You should also explain views on other possible ways to demonstrate your approach to solve the problem of the study the most appropriate and effective way.

Indicate your research question can be answered by qualitative research. However, most mainstream psychologists are still biased against qualitative research, especially for a variety of phenomena, so you may need to prove your qualitative methods. But also in qualitative analysis, a good but not widely accepted classical methods, so part of your method requires more elaborate than required for traditional quantitative research. More importantly, compared to quantitative research, data collection process have a more significant impact on the results of qualitative research.

This is what you need to be more careful how you describe another reason to collect and analyze data. (How to qualitative analysis method for writing the part for another paper) for quantitative research, the methods section typically includes the following: 1. Study design – is a questionnaire study was a laboratory experiment? You will choose what kind of design? 2. Research Subjects or participants – who will be involved in your research? What you will use sampling program? 3. research tool – you will use what kind of measuring instruments or questionnaires? Why did you choose these methods? Are they valid and reliable? 4. Study Procedures – how you intend to carry out research? What process will be included? How long? Results: Obviously, at the proposal stage you do not have results. However, you will collect what data, what kind of statistical methods will be used to answer your research question or test your hypothesis, you should have some of these ideas.

Book reading

This task is about finding useful information by reading books.


Book Title: Drawing on Tradition

Author: Jolyon Baraka Thomas

Summary: This book talks about Manga, Anime, and Religion in Contemporary Japan. From this book, people can learn the skills in traditional drawing.


Scanned manga that have been given English text


Literally, “yellow-cover books”


Liturgical use or inclusion in the canon of a religious group


To play with, to play upon


“A religion,” “religions”


Book Title: The Pleasure in Drawing

Author: jean- luc nancy


Summary: A book of introduction of “how to draw pleasurably”, it gives many examples to show the emotion of drawing.


A word about which we should remain guarded, and for good reason


The unspeakable and the unrealizable

Visible form:

To which one might add that the ‘‘visible’’ is form’s primary register of reference, because that register maintains form in the foreground, distinct, and in this way ‘‘formed.’’ By contrast, and according to another distinction, drawing opens form to its own formation


Whence the Italian disegno and the today’s design


Construction, assembly


Book Title: Drawing: The Process

Author: Edited by Jo Davies and Leo Duff

Summary: There are many articles about the process of drawing from different authors from this book.


Not able to be reached or achieved

Vast undertaking:

Some fifty-one large and elaborate historiated initials as well as a series of full-page narratives

Visual language:

The phrase visual language usually refers to the idea that communication occurs through visual symbols, as opposed to verbal symbols, or words. The phrase implies syntax, grammar, vocabularies, and a system for the expression of thoughts.

Book Title: Life Drawing

Author: Gordon C. F. Bearn

Summary: This book talks about how the author draws in his life, and what he thinks when he is drawing.


The rejection of all religious and moral principles, often in the belief that life is meaningless


Constituting or resembling pornography


Relating to or consisting of molecules


  1. A disciple or student of the Greek philosopher Epicurus.
  2. A person devoted to sensual enjoyment, especially that derived from fine food and drink.

Book Title: Paint or Pixel

Author: Edited by Jane Frank

Summary: This book is written by many authors, half of them draw in traditional way, another half use digital way. The articles in this book talks about their experiences.


At the same time

The heyday of American illustration, “The Golden Age”:

Which lasted about 1880 to the 1930s, mass exposure to popular magazines and books made illustrators into artists of national renown and unprecedented influence.


One-of-a-kind, the only one in existence



Qualitative and Quantitative Research

Quantitative Research:
Through statistical, mathematical and computer techniques to study materials or information on quantitative research methods will generally experience obtained data, pre-separation, data analysis and analysis of the four phases. The goal is to develop a mathematical model for this phenomenon theoretical and / or hypothesis.

Qualitative Research:
Is a research method in the social sciences and education is often used, usually in terms of the relative quantitative research. Qualitative research is not really a way, but collectively many different research methods, because they do not belong to quantify studies were classified into the same class discussion. Which includes but is a better understanding of human behavior, and why. Qualitative research method is not limited to ethnographic research, anthropological studies, discusses the analysis, interviews and research. Qualitative researchers aim is to investigate the reasons and methods of human decision-making, not just what decisions were made, when and where to make a decision only. Therefore, with respect to the quantitative research, qualitative research focused on the smaller but more concentrated samples, producing about information or knowledge of a particular case study.

Outcome of Methods of Investigation


Demonstrate basic awareness of the leading practitioners within their field of study.


Evidence an understanding of the historical context for the discipline.


Discuss and evaluate their own work in a group situation (Self Analysis).


Present cogent arguments verbally.


Have a broad understanding of the wider applications, creative and commercial of their chosen field.